Mangy Mutts and Crusty Cats- News from Yolande

Mange is a skin disease of mammals caused by parasitic mites and occasionally communicable to humans. It is characterised by severe itching, hair loss, and the formation of scabs and lesions. Let's learn about the different kinds of mange and how to treat them.

Content supplied by Yolande | Veterinary Nutritional Advisor | Capricorn 

Sarcoptic Mange (Canine Scabies)

Sarcoptic mange is highly contagious in dogs worldwide. These mites are host specific but animals, including people, that come into contact with infected dogs can also become affected. Signs of this disease may develop anything from 10 days to 8 weeks after first contact.

Typically the symptoms begin appearing on the abdomen, chest, ears and elbows. Systemic and topical treatment is often recommended. Topically, mange can be treated by applying a spot-on treatment containing, Selemectin, Ivermectin or Imidaloprid-moxidectin, at regular intervals. Always follow the directions given by your veterinarian.

Notoedric Mange (Feline Scabies)

This rare but highly contagious disease of cats and kittens can also infest other animals and people alike. Crusts and hair loss are often seen on the ears, head and neck.

Treatments consist of both topical and systemic therapies such as Selemectin, Moxydectin, Fluralaner and Imidacloprid spot-on applications.

Demodectic Mange (Canine)

This disease is considered to be non-contagious. Signs and symptoms include Alopecia and scaling usually around the lips and forearms but may also be found in other areas.

Treatment such as a whole body dip (Amitras / Ivermectin) are usually recommended.

Demodectic Mange (Feline)

This disease in cats is considered to be uncommon or rare. Signs of alopecia to the neck and head are usually seen, including some crusting.

It can often be associated with underlying diseases such as Feline Leukaemia and Diabetes and in some cases the condition can spontaneously resolve.

In all cases, you should consult with your veterinarian. Treatment can be fatal should the incorrect treatment be used as Permethrin, which is found in many Canine parasite control products, is toxic to cats.